At That Time, Year 2000
The participatory mapping of the Banjar Dukuh Sibetan area and the Tenganan Pegringsingan Customary Village was first carried out in 2000. The tools used are still very simple, namely using a compass and a meter to collect data in the field. The points taken are then drawn on millimeter paper using a ruler arc and ruler. It requires extraordinary accuracy and patience, both when taking data in the field and when describing it. The biggest challenge is when you have to match the end point with the start point of the map. After the map has been drawn on millimeter paper, it is then transferred to tracing paper using rapido by tracing it. That’s why it took a long time to complete the map of the banjar and village areas.
At that time there was GPS, but it was still very simple. Only four points are taken as binding points to be able to place the map on the “face of the earth” correctly. There is no google earth and satellite imagery as a base map that can be easily accessed, as well as an RBI (Indonesian Rupa Bumi – earth face) map. The map above the tracing must then be digitized and can only be done in a special place. At that time, Wisnu collaborated with PT Ganesha Global Sarana in digitizing the map.
And 20 years later, in September 2020, the areas of the Banjar Adat Dukuh Sibetan and the Tenganan Pegringsingan Customary Village were mapped again in a participatory manner. This time using Garmin GPS instead of compass and meter. Some of the participants who were actively involved were children of parents who were also actively involved in mapping in 2000.
Banjar Dukuh Sibetan
October 2 – 5, 2021.
The activity begins with briefings related to Participatory Mapping and the Use of GPS. Followed mainly by young people from Dukuh. Some of them already know about the mapping activities that were carried out in 2000. There are even those who have participated in collecting data when they were about 10 years old, and are currently Head of Regions.
Compared to 20 years ago, data collection this time is very fast. It only takes one day to take the coordinates of the banjar boundaries by the two groups. Starting from the banyan tree on the north side of the banjar, the group separated to the west and east, until they met again on the south side of the banjar.
After downloading into Google Earth Pro, it turns out that there is a difference in the area of about 10 hectares. My respects to the mapping actors 20 years ago. With simple tools, the resulting map is not much different from the current result.
Clarification of processed data began on October 23, 2021 at the Wisnu Foundation, as well as compiling a description of regional boundaries. Especially for the southern part, it is necessary to retrieve data because there is an error in taking field points. Likewise, data on alleys and houses still have to be continued with field data collection.
Tenganan Pegringsingan Traditional Village
October13 – 17, 2021.
Just like in Dukuh Sibetan, the activity began with briefings related to Participatory Mapping and the Use of GPS. The activity was attended by around 30 people, consisting of traditional Keliang (head of customary village), daha and nyoman youths, as well as elements of the general public. Because the village area is quite large, which is around 917 hectares, the participants were divided into four groups who would later share in data collection.
The main profession of the Tenganan Pegringsingan community is land owner, so the role of bongsanak and sharecroppers is very important in collecting boundary data, both regional boundaries and boundaries between forest (sacred forest) and gardens (production forest). Even though they have been divided into four groups, the village boundaries have not yet been finalized, especially on the south side in a narrow and elongated area.
Activities will be resumed after November 9, 2021, after the busy ceremony has been completed. As an old village, Tenganan Pegringsingan has its own calendar which is different from other villages in Bali. The main task of the Tenganan Pegringsingan community is to maintain balance through a series of rituals every month, starting from sasih Kasa (first month) to sasih Sada (twelfth month). In addition, like traditional Balinese manners in general, Tenganan Pegringsingan also performs the Galungan holiday ceremony. It is at this time that the manners of the Tenganan Pegringsingan traditional village also hold a ceremony for KAR (village map) so that the whole community always remembers to maintain the integrity of the village territory.