Currently, about 40% of agricultural land in Bali is experiencing drought. This is due to the prolonged heat, estimated as a result of climate change. Not only that, the water level of the dam has also decreased, for example at the Palasari dam. The consequence is that the critical land is widespread and farmers experience crop failures that have an impact on the decline in economic income.
This condition was conveyed by the participants of a focused discussion on “Climate Change Adaptation”, on September 22, 2011 at Yayasan Wisnu. The discussion was organized by The Samdhana Institute and the Stockholm Environment Institute. Participants consist of several components, namely local government, academia, indigenous peoples, and NGOs.
Related to climate change, there are several, many things that have been done by various parties, especially local government such as Forestry Service and BLH. However, it is criticized that the policy has not been implemented properly and has not addressed the problems and concerns. Many countries create rules, but also violate the rules that are made. Moreover, no party to regulate the implementation of the regulation so that the current life becomes irregular. For example, based on the results of the study, Bali has over 9800 hotel rooms. But it is only limited to the study, so the struggle over land, water and energy resources remains even worse. Garbage is also increasingly piled up without good management.
The fact that supports the above conditions is getting worse is, the extent of the earth remains but the population is increasing, currently close to 6 billion. Special Bali, there are 4 million people who live on it, whereas the capacity of capacity and optimal capacity to support only 1.5 million people. Every individual’s life then is ambiguous, only theorized without being practiced. For example, Vishnu always talks to reduce plastic waste, but one of the snacks served with plastic. Hehe … Though a true life based on the Balinese teachings must be nerdet sensual, not ngulurin sensual as much is done today.
One of the most important things that can be done in adapting to climate change is the well-mannered way of life. The trick, by doing self-limitation, then get used to practice manners. Self-esteem is very easy to do such as planting trees or removing birds on every day of birth, or carrying their own shopping bags when shopping. Restrictions and habituation ultimately need to be institutionalized in customary rules.
The talks at the provincial level as described above then proceed to the village level. The village chosen is Kiadan Pelaga in Petang, Badung. Choice is based on the need to see the impacts of climate change already felt by subak abian members. For information, Kiadan Pelaga is a coffee-producing village whose farmers are incorporated in Subak Abian Sari Boga. The discussion was conducted on September 24, 2011.
Slightly different from the general provincial talks, focus group participants in subak tell more details about things that have been felt. Twice coffee farmers have failed to harvest because of high rainfall and prolonged so that the coffee flowers dropped. And, if drought, the heat of the sun is so hot that it drifts the coffee flower. The farmers must eventually find side jobs as construction workers, out of the village. For those who can not, must reduce expenditure for daily consumption.
Also felt, there are many natural signs that begin to disappear. For example, parents always see a mist or cloud covering the mountain to see if it will rain in Kiadan. However, since the last two years, fog or clouds around the mountain can no longer be used as a benchmark. The rain came suddenly without signs, or if there were clouds covering the mountain, not necessarily the rain would fall.
Nevertheless, farmers continue to make efforts to survive in the midst of weather uncertainty, both niskala and sekala. The ceremonial ritual begs for plant safety to be done, starting from the suction (before planting), the shade (after the plant grows), nglamping aturin (after harvest), ngusaba, and nangsil which is done every two years. Meanwhile, in between, through forest reforestation, planting various types of bamboo plants, and develop environmental services through ecotourism.